Journal of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences

(ISSN: 2635 – 3067)

Volume 1, No. 1,  2018
Pages 74-79


Ureamic Syndrome in Theileria Equi-Infected Argentine Polo Pony: A Case Report.

*Idoko S. I1., Abalaka S. E1., Mshelia P. W2., Edeh R. E2., Kolo H. N3., and Adeyanju K. Y4
1 Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Abuja
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
3Department of Animal Production, Federal University of Technology, Minna
4Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria


On June 26th, 2016, an 8-year old Argentine Polo Pony in the Fifth Chukker Polo and Country Resort, Maraban Jos, Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria was reported with the chief complaint of anorexia, depression, recurrent recumbency, colic and pyrexia. Physical examination revealed the following signs; pyrexia, tachypnoea and rapid pulse rates, bilateral epiphora as well as icteric ocular, gingival and vaginal mucous membranes, 5% dehydration, trembling, sweating, colic, body condition score of 3/5, reddish brown urine and tick infestation (identified as Rhipicephalus spp). Blood was collected via jugular venipuncture into vacutainer containing ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) for microscopic and haematological analyses while a second aliquot was transferred into plain vacutainer for biochemical analysis. Giemsa stained thin blood smear revealed the presence of Theileria equi haemogram revealed normocytic hypochromic anaemia with thrombocytopaenia. The biochemical analysis showed decreased serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, hyperproteinaemia, hyperglobulinaemia, ureamia, hyperkalaemia, hyponatraemia, hypochloraemia and decreased bicarbonate concentration. Based on the presenting clinical signs, presence of ticks and laboratory findings, equine piroplasmosis accompanied by ureamic syndromewas diagnosed..
Keywords: Theileria equi Equine Piroplasmosis, Horse, Rhipicephalus spp, Ureamic syndrome

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